HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a virus that can lead to AIDs if left untreated. This dangerous and contagious disease has killed 1.2 million people, as of 2014. Nearly 37 million people are now living with HIV. The virus attacks the immune system of the body, allowing opportunistic infections to develop gradually. People with AIDS need medical treatment to prevent death.
(1) Pain on swallowing
Pain, when eating or swallowing especially in the throat, is a common presenting problem in people with symptomatic HIV disease. This is caused by the oral sores or thrush. This can lead to ulceration and inflammation of the throat/ esophagus.
(2) Sores or infections in the mouth
This is caused by a common opportunistic infection in patients with AIDs. The infection is called thrush when it occurs in the mouth. It looks like white patches similar to cottage cheese, or red spots. Moreover, it causes a sore throat, pain when swallowing, nausea, and loss of appetite. Thrush can also cause cracking at the corners of the mouth.
Bowel changes and digestive problems appear during the later stages of the disease, once it has progressed to AIDs. People with HIV/AIDs have chronic diarrhea that lasts over a month. It may be accompanied by cramps, nausea, and vomiting. The loss of fluid from diarrhea can be life-threatening as it causes dehydration, malnutrition and weight loss.