Leukemia is normally diagnosed with a blood test of a bone marrow biopsy, the treatment usually consists of chemotherapy, radiation or bone marrow transplant. The 5-year survival rate for people diagnosed with leukemia is about 57 percent, which may provide a measure of hope for those who are diagnosed.
The following are signs and symptoms that could indicate leukemia:
(1) Fever and Infection
Leukemia has a detrimental effect on the body’s natural immune system which makes it more difficult to fight off sickness and infection. This can result in an increase in the number of infections and more frequent and persistent fevers.
The blood is absolutely essential for delivering a constant supply of nutrients and oxygen to the cells of the body and when leukemia interferes with that process, feeling tired or worn out all the time is often the result
(3) Swollen Glands
Leukemia has a damaging effect on the blood, it is much more difficult for the body to fight off opportunistic infections and that can cause glands and lymph nodes to swell. This can manifest as small lumps or bumps that show up in places such as the neck, stomach, under the arms or in the groin area that may take on a color that has hints of blue or purple.
(4) Bone and Joint Pain
This is one of the most common symptoms of people who have developed leukemia and is characterized by pain that feels like it originates deep in the bones. This type of pain results from an excess of abnormal white blood cells that accumulate in the bone marrow and causing it to expand. This pain is most common in the long bones such as the legs and arms
(5) Tiny Spots on the Skin
These tiny spots are technically known as petechiae and may show up as patches of very small purple or red dots that are often observed on the arms, back, chest and face.